In this post we will discuss what is a CPU Cooler. It’s not one thing, it’s usually two things that make a CPU Cooler. But let’s start with something i came across.
Don’t know if you opened your desktop tower to see what’s inside, but you might have noticed something saying Intel or AMD and you thought that whole thing is the CPU.
Not really!(Well first time i opened the tower and saw the Intel logo i thought that whole thing was the CPU).
Webopedia has a good definition of CPU Coolers so let’s take a look at it:
“A CPU cooler is device designed to draw heat away from the system CPU and other components in the enclosure. Using a CPU cooler to lower CPU temperatures improves efficiency and stability of the system. Adding a cooling device, however, can increase the overall noise level of the system. “https://www.webopedia.com/TERM/C/cpu-cooler.html
Well, the noise can be high when there is a high CPU load, but i don’t think it will be problem.
Well if you don’t add a CPU Cooler, you risk of overheating the CPU.
But let’s see what makes a CPU Cooler. There are two types of cooling. Air Cooling and Liquid/Water Cooling. Well there is third but it’s Software Cooling. Not really any hardware there. I will mention about this too.
That’s the typical and most common type of cooling. In the CPU case, Air Cooling consists of a Heatsink and a Fan.
Well we all know and love the Fan. But the Heatsink is less known so let’s talk about that.
“A component designed to lower the temperature of an electronic device by dissipating heat into the surrounding air. All modern CPUs require a heat sink. Some also require a fan. A heat sink without a fan is called a passive heat sink; a heat sink with a fan is called an active heat sink.Heat sinks are generally made of an aluminum alloy and often have fins. “https://www.webopedia.com/TERM/H/heat_sink.html
Most preinstalled CPU Cooling is a Heatsink with a Fan.
Note: The Heatsink and Fan might need to be cleaned once in 3 years maybe because dirt concentrates there and the heat might not dissipate well.
I didn’t clean my heatsink and fan for 10 years and the computer shut down automatically because of temperature.
Same applies with graphics card which also might have a heatsink and fan.
This cooling method is more effective than air cooling but also more expensive (well quite a lot more i can say).
If you won’t make a high end desktop tower, you don’t need liquid cooling.
Also you might need liquid coolers if you plan to overclock the CPU.
Let’s see a piece from a pcworld article:
“One big downside of water cooling is its comparatively high cost, especially if you’re looking to build a custom setup. While most traditional upper-end CPU coolers cost somewhere between $50 and $100, building a liquid-cooling setup can cost far more. For example, EKWaterBlocks’ top-tier H3O 360 HFX water cooling kit costs a whopping $360. (The price is converted from euros, so the 360 in the name may be coincidental.) “https://www.pcworld.com/article/2028293/liquid-cooling-vs-traditional-cooling-what-you-need-to-know.html
Well i checked the link it is now more expensive.
“Soft cooling is the practice of utilizing software to take advantage of CPU power saving technologies to minimize energy use. This is done using halt instructions to turn off or put in standby state CPU subparts that aren’t being used or by underclocking the CPU. While resulting in lower total speeds, this can be very useful if overclocking a CPU to improve user experience rather than increase raw processing power, since it can prevent the need for noisier cooling. Contrary to what the term suggests, it is not a form of cooling but of reducing heat creation. “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_cooling
So far i saw in the forums that soft cooling is used mostly in laptops, cause they usually have less cooling capabilities than desktops.
So we saw in quite depth what a cpu cooler is. Air cooling is the cheapest and most valued for its price.
You can utilize all fan slots in your case for maximum air flow.